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Data Privacy Vs Data Protection

    Data breaches aren't new to the industry. The first massive data breach occurred in 2005 when 40 million credit card accounts were exposed by hackers. Since then, the history of data breaches has continued to develop.

    Data Privacy Vs Data Protection

    International organizations have taken several measures to reduce these attacks and improve data safety. Some examples include Privacy by Design and GDPR. You'll find many businesses struggling to adapt these policies.

    However, if anyone wants to lay down a secure foundation, it is important to understand the difference between data privacy and protection. Let's analyze both of these terms in detail below!



    Data privacy is the ability of an individual to decide what kind of personal information is shared with others. This can include anything from a name to how a person behaves in the online world.

    A great example of data privacy is the Children's Online Privacy Protection Act. Also called COPPA, this gives parents and guardians the right to determine the information that websites can gather about their children.

    Comparatively, data protection is the act of protecting important information (both confidential and personal) from compromise. By this, we mean safety from data loss, theft, and unauthorized usage.



    The objectives of data privacy and protection are quite different.

    Data privacy is about limiting the access of people to information. By filtering what you share, you ensure that only authorized and trustable individuals know the sensitive details. This increases safety against data stealing and sharing.

    Meanwhile, data protection goes beyond this to keep the information away from ill-intentioned people. This includes competitors, ex-workers, and – most importantly – hackers.

    It involves a series of actions that strengthens the security system and maintains the availability of data.


    Who Is It For?

    Since data privacy is more of a right, customers and other stakeholders of a business use it. On the other hand, data protection is more of a responsibility. Businesses use it to ensure the data of their customers remains safe.

    For a better understanding, let's take the example of cookies.

    When a person opens a website, there's a cookie consent notice that pops up. It states what type of information the cookies collect and how the company will use it. There are also two buttons for you to allow or reject.

    Here, the cookie consent pop-up is an attempt by the business to exercise data protection. However, the option that the user will choose is data privacy.

    What's the Connection?

    Till now, it's quite clear that data privacy and protection are two different aspects of data handling. But they are highly interdependent on each other. There's little point in data privacy without data protection and vice versa.

    We say this because if you have data privacy (i.e., the right to determine who has the access to your personal information and to what extent), there's a need to protect that data. What if it gets hacked, stolen, or used in illegal activities?

    To avoid this, you must have data protection measures in place. Similarly, what's the point in having data safety measures when users can't monitor who is getting what.

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