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Ensemble methods in Machine Learning


    As technology has advanced, we have become dependent on technology. In such situations, machine learning has revolutionized how we understand and process data. 

    Machine Learning

    The most powerful way to use machine learning is through ensemble methods. These methods work in a way that combines various individual models to create a final prediction that is stronger than all of them. Let us understand more about ensemble learning and its various types. .

    Understanding Ensemble Methods

    In machine learning, it is necessary to come to a decision that is done by the ensemble methods. They are like a group of experts who collaborate to give you the output for your input. Each of these experts has their own strengths and weaknesses, giving you the best possible outcome as they work together. This dispels any shortcomings as the weakness of one model gets solved by the others. With this principle, ensemble methods give you the best results regarding machine learning.

    Types of Ensemble Methods

    Machine learning helps you predict things by using computers through data. Ensemble methods are one of the best ways to succeed in machine learning. Let us learn about the different types of ensemble methods and how they can work better. If you want to know more about these methods, check out this video .

    → ● Bagging (Bootstrap Aggregating)

    Bagging is basically where you take the opinions of others on how to improve a particular idea. Here, we take one model, which is then trained on different pieces of data, resulting in new models. These trained models with different data assessment methods are then used to vote on the final prediction. You get many opinions on improving your final prediction, from which you can choose the most popular and relevant one. Thus, bagging can be explained as a random forest with numerous trees as decisions.

    → ● Boosting

    Boosting is like giving a booster shot to weak models. We first give a task to a simple model and see how it works. If the model makes mistakes, we figure out what it did wrong and then train a different model to fix them. By repeating the whole process, each model gets better at fixing the mistakes made previously. At the end of this process, we get a much stronger model. There are two popular boosting methods called Gradient Boosting and AdaBoost.

    → ● Stacking

    The stacking method works like a group discussion where people from different walks of life come together and share their perspectives to conclude. As we have previously discussed, in ensemble learning, there are several models that make their own predictions. These predictions are then used and fed into another model. It combines all the ideas from the models used before to make a final decision. Thus, this entire process is more like making a final decision. 

    → ● Voting

    Voting, as the name speaks for itself, is a process where all the models are supposed to vote. Once you get the results of the votes, the decision is made based on the outcome of the majority of the votes. These models used in ensemble methods make predictions based on their training with data, and the decision that most models agree upon gets the priority. We get the best results out of the voting method when our models are very different and can bring unique perspectives. 

    Superpower of Ensemble Methods in Machine Learning

    Machine learning helps you make the best decisions for input. Ensemble methods help to get the best predictions with the help of a group of models trained to overcome the weaknesses of each other. With the help of repetitive training, these models become stronger and smarter with time. Let us discover the advantages of using ensemble methods in machine learning.

    → ● More accurate predictions

    The main aspect of machine learning is predicting or taking the right decisions on an input. The effectiveness of a team of experts is much higher than an individual. The ensemble methods use specially trained machine learning models who are experts and can overcome each other's issues. They collaborate by combining their opinions and coming to a conclusion. This conclusion is the most accurate prediction that these experts come up with through teamwork so that when some models fail to take the right decision, others help them through it.

    → ● Handling the hard stuff

    Data can be extremely complicated, with hidden patterns and missing information. Some machine learning models might struggle with certain data types; that's where the ensemble methods become important. Here, we deal with various models with expertise in different things. Some models are great at finding the missing information and skillfully fit in the data, while others might be good at deciphering hidden patterns. Thus ensemble methods bring these models together, can complement each other when one model is facing a problem, and can deal with the toughest problems in data.

    → ● Protection against mistakes

    Sometimes, even machine learning models can make mistakes. But the ensemble methods help the machine learning practitioner to reduce these mistakes to a great extent with the help of many models working together. A decision taken by an individual can be wrong, and it won't be possible to correct those mistakes. When a group of experts come to a decision, they rationally weigh the importance of each other's perspectives and conclude. In the process, they combine the best points from each other to produce a comprehensive prediction that has little chance of having mistakes.

    → ● They're like a dream team

    Ensemble methods represent a dream team of experts that collaborate wholeheartedly to produce the most accurate prediction in machine learning. The machine learning models do not focus on each being the most accurate; rather, they each focus on various aspects of the data where their strengths lie. This ensures that all aspects of the data are dealt with by those who are best at the specific niche. Some models focus on catching errors and ensuring everything is in order. The other models find and fix the most important or missing insights in the data. Together, they strive to produce the best result as a perfect team that covers all aspects of the problem. 

    → ● A safety net for uncertain data

    In certain cases, it has been found that the data provided can be messy or distorted. This creates confusion amongst the models of machine learning as it becomes difficult to recognize the actual problems. But that's not the case with the ensemble methods, as they act as a filter by clearing the background to provide a clear picture of the data. The models can then start working on finding the issues and fixing them.


    An ensemble method is the greatest weapon a machine learning practitioner can have. The expert models are created through repetitive training, which then collaborates with each other to provide you with the best results. Whether the method you use is bagging, boosting, stacking, or voting, you will receive significantly improved performance of the machine learning models.

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